Shopware data associations by examples

Shopware data associations by examples

Vien Nguyen's photo
Vien Nguyen
·May 10, 2022·

3 min read

Table of contents

  • One to One
  • One to Many
  • Many to Many

Database tables are often related to one another. For example, a blog post may have many comments or an order could be related to the user who placed it.

This blog post describes small examples of how to add associations to your entities.

One to One

A one-to-one association is a very basic type of database association. For example, a User table might be associated with one Media table. To define this association, we will place an OneToOneAssociationField on the UserDefinition and MediaDefinition.

image.png

Let's have a look at the defineFields methods of both entity definitions:

// class UserDefinition extends EntityDefinition
protected function defineFields(): FieldCollection
{
    return new FieldCollection([
        (new IdField('id', 'id'))->addFlags(new PrimaryKey(), new Required()),
        (new FkField('avatar_id', 'avatarId', MediaDefinition::class)),
        (new OneToOneAssociationField('avatarMedia', 'avatar_id', 'id', MediaDefinition::class)),
    ]);
}
// class MediaDefinition extends EntityDefinition
protected function defineFields(): FieldCollection
{
    return new FieldCollection([
        (new IdField('id', 'id'))->addFlags(new PrimaryKey(), new Required()),
        (new OneToOneAssociationField('avatarUser', 'id', 'avatar_id', UserDefinition::class, false))->addFlags(new CascadeDelete()),
    ]);
}

One to Many

A one-to-many association is used to define associations where a single table is a parent to one or more child tables. For example, a Product may have an infinite number of Price.

image.png

Now, we will look at the example:

// class ProductDefinition extends EntityDefinition
protected function defineFields(): FieldCollection
{
    return new FieldCollection([
        (new IdField('id', 'id'))->addFlags(new PrimaryKey(), new Required()),
        (new OneToManyAssociationField('prices', ProductPriceDefinition::class, 'product_id'))->addFlags(new CascadeDelete(), new Inherited()),
    ]);
}
// class PriceDefinition extends EntityDefinition
protected function defineFields(): FieldCollection
{
    return new FieldCollection([
        (new IdField('id', 'id'))->addFlags(new PrimaryKey(), new Required()),
        (new FkField('product_id', 'productId', ProductDefinition::class))->addFlags(new Required()),
        (new ManyToOneAssociationField('product', 'product_id', ProductDefinition::class, 'id', false))->addFlags(new ReverseInherited('prices')),
    ]);
}

Many to Many

Shopware also provides methods to make working with many-to-many associations more convenient. For example, let's imagine a Product can have many Category and a Category can have many Product.

This association require the third entity to be available. It will be called ProductCategoryDefinition and is responsible for connecting both definitions. It also needs its own database table product_category.

Screen Shot 2022-05-02 at 15.36.06.png

// class ProductDefinition extends EntityDefinition
protected function defineFields(): FieldCollection
{
    return new FieldCollection([
        (new IdField('id', 'id'))->addFlags(new PrimaryKey(), new Required()),
        (new VersionField())->addFlags(new ApiAware()),
        (new ManyToManyAssociationField('categories', CategoryDefinition::class, ProductCategoryDefinition::class, 'product_id', 'category_id'))->addFlags(new ApiAware(), new CascadeDelete(), new Inherited(), new SearchRanking(SearchRanking::ASSOCIATION_SEARCH_RANKING)),
    ]);
}
// class CategoryDefinition extends EntityDefinition
protected function defineFields(): FieldCollection
{
    return new FieldCollection([
        (new IdField('id', 'id'))->addFlags(new PrimaryKey(), new Required()),
        (new VersionField())->addFlags(new ApiAware()),
        (new ManyToManyAssociationField('products', ProductDefinition::class, ProductCategoryDefinition::class, 'category_id', 'product_id'))->addFlags(new CascadeDelete(), new ReverseInherited('categories')),
    ]);
}
// class ProductCategoryDefinition extends MappingEntityDefinition
protected function defineFields(): FieldCollection
{
    return new FieldCollection([
        (new FkField('product_id', 'productId', ProductDefinition::class))->addFlags(new PrimaryKey(), new Required()),
        (new ReferenceVersionField(ProductDefinition::class))->addFlags(new PrimaryKey(), new Required()),

        (new FkField('category_id', 'categoryId', CategoryDefinition::class))->addFlags(new PrimaryKey(), new Required()),
        (new ReferenceVersionField(CategoryDefinition::class))->addFlags(new PrimaryKey(), new Required()),

        (new ManyToOneAssociationField('product', 'product_id', ProductDefinition::class, 'id', false)),
        (new ManyToOneAssociationField('category', 'category_id', CategoryDefinition::class, 'id', false)),
    ]);
}

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Reference: developer.shopware.com/docs/guides/plugins/..